How do dental conditions happen and how are they treated?

Tooth discolouration

Tooth discolouration is, in most cases, not a cause for serious concern and is mostly treated as a cosmetic condition. Tooth discolouration can occur due to a number of reasons. One of them is ageing. As we advance in our age, the dentine becomes more exposed giving our teeth a yellowish colour. Certain foods and beverages, such as red wine, coffee or tea may also contribute to the staining of our teeth. Certain oral antibiotics and antibacterial mouthwashes may also be capable of discolouring our teeth. Tooth discolouration can be treated with teeth whitening. There are different types of teeth whitening treatments. Some are performed at home using custom made bleaching trays and a special whitening material, while some are performed at a dental practice using a special whitening gel and light to induce the whitening. If you are looking for a dentist in Caernarfon to help you whiten your teeth, get in touch with us, the Future Health Partnership Practices in Caernarfon and book an appointment.

Cavities, tooth decay and tooth loss

Our oral cavities contain a large number of naturally occurring microorganisms, which are part of the normal human microbiome, just like the gut microbes. These organisms utilise the sugars found in remains of our food stuck to our teeth to produce their necessary energy and reproduce. If they have too much sugar available they’re capable of overgrowing, which in turn increases the acids produced by them. These acids can degrade the mineral content of our teeth, contributing to cavities. Cavities are mostly treated by fillings, which can be made from numerous materials. Previously they were mostly made out of amalgams, but nowadays tooth-coloured white fillings are made out of a composite, which sets and solidifies upon exposure to light. Tooth loss can occur due to untreated tooth decay reaching the pulp tissue, gum disease caused by oral bacterial overgrowth and dental trauma. Tooth loss can be treated in various ways, but the most efficient treatment is to have dental implants. If you are looking for a dentist in Caernarfon to treat tooth loss, do not hesitate to get in touch with us, the Future Health Partnership Practices in Caernarfon.

Orthodontic conditions

Orthodontic conditions refer to misaligned teeth and jaws. Orthodontic conditions can occur due to a variety of reasons. Some are inherited and some are acquired due to things like bad chewing positioning or jaw misalignment. The prolonged sucking of thumbs in childhood can also result in orthodontic conditions in later life. These conditions are mostly treated with braces. There are numerous types of braces, however, the most often used type is the traditional metal braces with brackets. These have a very broad treatment spectrum, they are relatively low cost and they are universally applicable. Alternatives to metal braces include invisible plastic aligners, invisible braces and lingual braces. Invisible aligners, such as Invisalign are very popular due to their low visibility, however, they are unable to treat certain conditions and patients with certain unsuitable tooth shapes or sizes. If you would like to find a dentist in Caernarfon to treat orthodontic conditions, book an appointment at our dental practice.

What are the treatment options for patients with orthodontic conditions?

Orthodontic conditions

Orthodontic conditions are as old as humanity, alongside the desire to straighten our teeth. The first case of an orthodontic condition currently known is in an archaeological sample from 50,000 years ago, where the human remains were found to have crooked teeth. Famous ancient authors, such as the well known ancient Greek physician, Hippocrates and the ancient Roman author Celsus had already described orthodontic conditions and the latter recommended pressing misaligned teeth with fingers to push them back into their correct positions. One of the very first historic examples of orthodontic treatments was found in mummies from ancient Egypt. Some of these mummies were found to have metal bands wrapped around their teeth which were bound together with dried catgut. Luckily nowadays we do not have to resort to such materials to straighten our teeth. Book an appointment with us, the Future Health Partnership Practices if you are looking for a dentist in Caernarfon to treat some type of orthodontic condition.


Orthodontics has developed the most in the past 200-300 years. A great breakthrough was the discovery of dental adhesives, which made the braces with metal brackets we know today possible. These braces consist of metal brackets attached on the surface of each tooth, and an archwire which binds these brackets together. Through increasing the tension of the archwire the pressure exerted on the teeth can be increased in order to correct their positions. Prior to the invention of dental adhesives braces were mostly precious metal bands wrapped around each tooth. The usage of stainless steel and dental adhesives made braces available to the wider public, as previously often precious metals were used to manufacture braces. Stainless steel reduced the costs associated with braces and made them very popular. To this day braces remain the main orthodontic treatment option due to their flexibility, broad treatment spectrum and relatively low cost. If you are looking for a dentist in Caernarfon to get braces, get in touch with us, as we have a range of braces to suit every patient condition at the Future Health Partnership Practices in Caernarfon.

Alternatives of braces

A lot of patients require orthodontic treatments but refuse to get them due to aesthetic or comfort issues associated with traditional metal braces. It is important to get orthodontic treatments when you need them to prevent further complications or the worsening of the condition. It is also important to be aware that metal braces with brackets are not the only option when it comes to straightening teeth. There are numerous alternatives available. One of them is invisible aligners. These are custom made plastic moulds of our dental arches, which fit perfectly on patients’ teeth. The transparent plastic material they are made out of makes them nearly invisible. Lingual braces work on the same principle as normal braces, but the custom made brackets are placed on the inside of the teeth, which makes them almost undetectable. Invisible braces work on the same principles as metal braces, but they are made out of tooth coloured porcelain and transparent plastic. If you would like to find a dentist in Caernarfon with the dedication and expertise to get the best out of your smile we would be only too happy to help.

Need some help attending a check-up with our dentist? 5 ways we can ease your anxieties

When it comes to attending dental check-ups, there are very few people who are overly eager to get into the dental chair.

While some minor nervousness surrounding medical appointments is normal, if you break out into a cold sweat thinking about attending a basic check-up, this could be indicative of underlying fear or phobia.

Don’t panic! Many people report feeling anxiety when attending dental check-ups and, while your phobia may be due to a traumatic event in your past, it is important to overcome this issue. Failure to tackle it head on may result in serious dental issues like recurring abscesses, or even your teeth falling out! However this situation is easily resolved.

So if you feel it is time to bite the bullet and face your fears, our team at Future Health Partnership Practices can help you. Our dentist in Caernarfon will offer you a non-judgemental approach to your dental treatments and will ensure that you feel involved and in charge at each step of your procedures with us.

How can our dentist at Caernarfon help you to manage your anxiety? Read on to find out!


One of the first things we can offer our nervous patients is an open discussion about their fears related to dentistry.

Our dentist in Caernarfon has heard the reasons behind many dental phobias, and will not judge you for having your anxieties. We will discuss a treatment plan with you, allowing you to take the lead in how you want the treatment to progress.


It has long been known that music can have a relaxing effect on the senses.

Therefore, when you visit our team at Future Health Partnership Practices, we can offer you a headset to listen to, to block out the sound of the drill. However, if you would rather listen to your own music or even an audiobook, we can accommodate that too!

Non-clinical meetings

For patients who have a more serious issue surrounding dental treatment, we are proud to be able to offer non-clinical meetings.

This will allow you to meet your dental practitioner ahead of any treatments or check-ups and simply chat about yourself, your interests etc. Once again, this is to reduce your phobias and will help you to feel more relaxed when it is time for your check-up. We take all dental phobias very seriously.


There are typically 2 types of sedation which we may be able to offer you should you request them.

The first is nitrous oxide (laughing gas), which will allow you to feel very relaxed while we work on your mouth. The second is IV (intravenous) sedation, which will make you feel very drowsy but will erase your memory of the dental treatment. For IV sedation, you will need someone to escort you home afterwards.


If you truly feel you need to be unconscious for any dental treatment to go ahead, we may be able to refer you to a day-centre, where you can be given an anaesthetic to get you through the procedure.

Unsure if you need an emergency dentist appointment? 5 issues that require urgent treatment

It is rarely a good sign when one is awoken at 3 am by a pain underneath a tooth.

Sadly, it is all too common for many people, leading to a conundrum about how to manage the discomfort.

Some people will choose to try and overlook the discomfort and go about their day with pain relief. However, depending on the cause of the sensation, this may not work and delaying treatment may actually cause it to worsen. Then, there are those more sensible people who will recognise the signs of a dental emergency and call for help.

Of course, all dental teams will advise that if you ever find yourself in this situation, you follow the latter example!

At this Future Health Partnership Practice, we and our team are proud to be able to offer our patients access to an emergency dental service. Overseen by our dentist in Caernarfon, we can offer you fast access to emergency dental treatment, allowing you to carry on with your scheduled day, without worrying about pain and recurrence.

But what are some of the signs of a dental emergency that should prompt a same-day trip to our dentist in Caernarfon?


We know we have mentioned this earlier, but you would be surprised at how many patients our dentist in Caernarfon sees each day who have had dental pain for a while and not sought emergency help.

If you notice that you have discomfort resembling a stabbing, pulsing or burning sensation, you may need to contact our team for advice on whether you require an emergency appointment.


If swelling occurs in the facial region, under the jawline, in the mouth or under a tooth, you need to contact our team immediately.

Even if the swelling is not hurting when you notice it, our experience as a dental team indicates it is unlikely to stay that way and will advise you to contact our team for an urgent appointment. As swelling is indicative of more serious issues, such as abscesses or impacted teeth, it is important to be prompt in seeking treatment.


When you have suffered a blow to the face via an accident or sporting activity, it is highly unlikely that your teeth will remain unscathed.

And so, if one of your teeth gets knocked out, our team will need to see you to assess the damage and to discuss repair options with you.

Lost filling or crown

Lost fillings and crowns are commonplace at our surgery and, while we recognise that they may not seem on par with a dental abscess, you still need to seek emergency treatment when you notice either issue.

Delaying treatment can allow bacteria access to the pulp of your tooth, which can cause an unpleasant dental abscess.

Cracks and chips

A chipped or cracked tooth may, again, seem minor but if you notice this type of damage, it requires filling promptly to restore the function of the tooth. Also, it prevents the crack or chip from spreading further.

Uncertain if you need to see a specialist dentist? 5 benefits of a hygienist visit

When you hear the term dental hygiene, it is a forgivable mistake to assume that it refers to brushing your teeth, flossing and even rinsing your mouth with an antibacterial mouthwash.

While these are important steps to maintaining a high level of oral health, today, dental hygiene encompasses so much more and for some people, it can make a real difference to their overall health and wellbeing.

So, what exactly is now covered under an umbrella term like oral hygiene?

At Future Health Partnership Practices, we are able to provide high-quality dental hygiene services to all of our patients. Undertaken by our specialist dentist in Caernarfon, we can help to reverse gum disease, maintain healthy teeth and remove plaque, all while ensuring your smile remains sparkling white. What more could you want?

Back to the initial point; what is meant by the term oral hygiene? Read on to find out!

Scale and polish

While a scale and polish may not seem like an important part of a regular dental regime, both our hygienist and dentist in Caernarfon can attest to its importance for maintaining good oral health.

Using a combination of micro abrasive brushes, our dentist in Caernarfon will remove hardened plaque from both above and below the gumline, getting rid of any bacteria that has been left behind by regular brushing. This will reduce your chances of developing periodontal disease and is also a required step towards treating active issues such as gingivitis.

Brushing techniques

While this may sound laughable, it is estimated that as many as 1 in 4 people are not employing the correct brushing technique needed to remove plaque and bacteria.

If our hygienist examines your mouth and determines that you require an upgrade on your oral technique, they can show you a whole range of different motions to try when you give your teeth their bi-daily scrub, ensuring their continued health. Perfect!

Smoking cessation

It should come as no surprise that there is a link between smoking and the formation of oral cancer. And so, while it may be wise to approach your regular doctor in relation to giving up smoking, there is a lot that our dental team can help you with too.

If you are eager to kick the habit, our hygienist can offer you smoking cessation advice and can also help to restore your stained teeth to their former, whiter glory. Brilliant!

Fluoride sealants

Luckily, there are now ways that our dental team can strengthen your teeth against the formation of decay, particularly if you suffer from acid reflux.

If our hygienist notices an early sign of a cavity forming, they will be able to apply a fluoride sealant to the area. This will strengthen the tooth and prevent any bacteria from advancing the decay.

Care plans

If you have a family history of gum disease, or need help with your oral hygiene, our team will collaborate to form a personalised dental plan. This will keep your mouth healthy and keep your teeth shining bright!

Unsure if you need a root canal? 5 advantages of this procedure highlighted by our dentist

When it comes to basic dental treatments and restorative procedures, few are as universally disliked as endodontics. Or, as we all know them, root canal treatments.

Which is actually very unfortunate. In modern dental care, root canals can offer a wide variety of benefits to patients, but are often refused in lieu of more drastic procedures such as dental extractions. While the reason for this is often speculated upon amongst dental practitioners, it is almost certainly linked to myths that surround root canals. Myths, such as endodontics kill the tooth, make it more easily breakable and make chances of developing an infection greater, abound.

However, this is simply not the case!

At the Future Health Partnership Practice, our dentist in Caernarfon has helped many people to restore their smile to its former glory via a root canal and can attest to the many benefits that this treatment can offer.

Curious to learn what these benefits are? Read on!


It is likely that when a root canal has been suggested to you by our dentist in Caernarfon, you have either sustained a fairly large trauma to the tooth or you have recently had a dental infection. So you will probably be in some discomfort.

While many people assume that a root canal will heighten this discomfort, it has actually been found to reduce any associated pain from infections or trauma, making it the perfect way to relieve that ache!


In comparison to extraction, a root canal is extremely efficient.

Whereas an extraction would require our dentist in Caernarfon to remove the tooth, sew up the gum and then assess and discuss the likelihood of an implant or a bridge being fitted, a root canal gets straight to the foundation of the problem, and removes the infected debris that has been causing the discomfort, which will alleviate any associated pain.

The end result? A restored tooth that looks the same as all the other teeth in your mouth and a small fortune saved on bypassing dental implants!

Visually appealing

There is a myth that a root canal will cause the tooth to change colour.

There is no evidence that this occurs and, with modern dental techniques and our team’s expertise, once your root canal has been completed, the treated tooth will look no different from the other teeth in your mouth. And, if the treated tooth is at the front of your mouth, then you won’t have a gap!

Improved dental health

Root canals prevent infection from spreading and can actually promote better long-term dental health.

While extraction may allow plaque and bacteria to accumulate on the newly exposed gum, a root canal does not expose the gum line, and allows your dental health to remain in great condition!

Restored function

Whether you need a root canal due to infection or trauma, this procedure will restore the bite strength to your once damaged tooth. With no associated sensitivity or pain, you will soon forget that you even underwent a root canal fitting! So a happy ending all round!